What Happens on a Computer Circuit Board?
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What Happens on a Computer Circuit Board?

Views: 1     Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2022-07-06      Origin: Site

Several steps are involved in the manufacture of a computer circuit board. The thickness of the copper layer on the board is specified in terms of weight per square foot. This is an easier measurement to use than the ounce-per-square-foot measurement. One ounce per square foot equals 1.344 mils, or 34 micrometers. Heavy copper is a layer of copper more than 3 ounces per ft2 and 4.2 mils thick. It is used for applications with high current and to dissipate heat.

PCB manufacturing companies follow strict guidelines to ensure quality. Each individual board passes through several machines that place electronic components. A surface-mount machine places the components with solder paste, whereas a robotically-placed chip shooter will place larger components. However, some components are too big or too odd-shaped to be placed by robotics, and are therefore manually placed. When purchasing a PCB, it is vital to know exactly what to expect during the manufacturing process.

Before PCB manufacturing, there were several methods of construction. One method, known as cordwood construction, was popular in the 1960s, and is widely used in applications with a limited amount of space. This method used wire-ended components and was especially efficient in high-speed applications. The process was similar to that used in manufacturing a cordwood board, with the added advantage that the components could be placed on either side of the board. In the 1970s, a more efficient method of PCB manufacturing was developed: using a process called through-hole technology.

The tin-lead coating on copper printed circuit patterns is porous and easily oxidized. This process protects the copper by heating it in a hot oil bath. The tin-lead coating melts into a shiny surface. This process takes about one hour to complete. The board is essentially a blueprint for the computer. So, what exactly happens on the computer circuit board? Let's explore some of the processes involved in the manufacturing process!

PCB manufacturing begins with the creation of a photomask on a clear mylar sheet that is two or four times its true size. Then, component pin pads are laid out on the mylar sheet, and traces are routed between them. Pre-printed grids on the mylar sheet also help in layout. The photomask is then reproduced onto a blank copper-clad board. The enclosure and heat sinks of the components determine their positions on the card.

A PCB is a flat sheet of non-conductive material that houses a computer's electronic components. Usually made from plastic or fiberglass, it contains copper circuitry that relays electrical signals between components. A PCB can be single-layer or multilayer. Single-layer PCBs contain all the components on the same surface while multilayer ones have layers of non-conductive material that alternate with conductive circuitry. Despite these advantages, the multilayer PCB is more difficult to repair or modify in the field.

There are many different types of electronic components in a computer, and all these devices plug into the motherboard. This board is known as the "motherboard" and serves as the place where all other electronic components are located. The motherboard contains the Basic Input/Output System (BIOS) and is a placeholder for various devices. The size of a computer circuit board is called its form factor, and nearly every case can accommodate one of these types.



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